Peru, Cajamarca Region
Jaen Province – Andes
This coffee comes from a very small cooperative in the Jaen Province of just over 200 farmers. They pick their coffee by hand, and process it in small-scale wet mills. The farmers almost always travel long distances on foot to sell their coffee in commercial centres. This trading system not only fetches a low price for the farmer, but also causes a decrease in the quality of the coffee because the product often changes hands several times and is mixed with other coffees before it arrives at the coast for export. Despite this however, the area of Cajamarca produces the best scoring coffees in Peru.
There are many challenges to the coffee industry in Peru due to the poor roads, the isolated locations of the farms, and problems associated with micro wet-milling. However, in recent years the Agricultural Ministry in Peru has introduced more modern farming methods and encouraged the development of farmer organizations. This more organized and centralized system with an emphasis on certified coffees has resulted in higher quality coffee, higher demand for Peruvian coffee in international markets, and competitive pricing for the product.
Peru is the 9th largest producer of coffee in the world accounting for 2% of global coffee production. It is also one of the leading producers of certified organic and Fair Trade coffees. The exceptional altitude and ample shade of the Andes Mountains offers an ideal environment for the cultivation of Arabica.